The production of textiles is a craft whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by industrialization and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques.However, for the main types of textiles, plain weave, twill, or satin weave, there is little difference between the ancient and modern methods.
Textiles have an assortment of uses, the most common of which are for clothing and for containers such as bags and baskets.
In the household they are used in carpeting, upholstered furnishings, window shades, towels, coverings for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art.
Textiles are used in many traditional crafts such as sewing, quilting and embroidery.
Textiles for industrial purposes, and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance, are commonly referred to as technical textiles.
Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g.
implants), geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments), agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection), protective clothing (e.g.Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires, laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.Textiles are made from many materials, with four main sources: animal (wool, silk), plant (cotton, flax, jute), mineral (asbestos, glass fibre), and synthetic (nylon, polyester, acrylic). In the 20th century, they were supplemented by artificial fibres made from petroleum.are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile.However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage.Textiles are made in various strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest microfibre made of strands thinner than one denier to the sturdiest canvas.